If Your Doctor Prescribed Nsaids For Other Conditions Keep Taking Them
If you have already received a COVID-19 vaccination and have been taking NSAIDs long term for chronic conditions or even a daily low-dose aspirin to protect against stroke, dont worry, says Wilen. You will still have some level of protection. The protective effect of the medication your doctor prescribed is more important than higher antibody titers. And a year from now we will know more about how often boosters are needed.
If you are scheduled to get the COVID-19 vaccine, there are a few things you can do before you get the jab. Instead of taking an NSAID in anticipation of the pain, try holding an ice pack on your upper arm before you get the injection to numb the pain of the injection. Reduce anxiety by closing your eyes, visualizing your happy place, and doing some deep-breathing exercises. At the moment the vaccine is injected, try to keep your arm relaxed and move it around after getting the jab. Relaxation can help reduce pain.
Go get vaccinated, have a smile on your face, and be grateful that science was able to create a vaccine so quickly, Wilen says.
Once you get the COVID-19 vaccine, you should continue to take the following precautions to avoid contracting or spreading the virus:
The information in this article is current as of the date listed, which means newer information may be available when you read this. For the most recent updates on COVID-19, visit our coronavirus news page.
What Serious Side Effects Mean I Should Call My Doctor
The flu vaccine will not give you the flu. However, some people do experience side effects. While redness, swelling, muscle aches and sometimes low-grade fevers are typical side effects after receiving an influenza vaccination, there can be some rare and serious side effects including difficulty breathing and swelling around the eyes or lips. If you are experiencing dizziness, a racing heart or a high fever seek medical attention right away.
“If you develop full body hives, you are having an allergic reaction to the vaccine,” says Dr. Mora. The most common allergic reaction is found in people allergic to eggs. This is because egg proteins are one of the products in the flu vaccine. However, if you have an egg allergy, you can still get the flu shot. Talk to your doctor about the best way to get vaccinated.
Possible Side Effects Of The Flu Vaccine
The influenza vaccine can cause side effects. In children under 5 years, these reactions may be more obvious.
Common side effects of influenza vaccine include:
- drowsiness or tiredness
- localised pain, redness and swelling at the injection site
- occasionally, an injection-site lump that may last many weeks but needs no treatment
- low-grade temperature .
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Allergic Reactions To The Flu Vaccine
It’s very rare for anyone to have a serious allergic reaction to the flu vaccine. If this does happen, it usually happens within minutes.
The person who vaccinates you will be trained to deal with allergic reactions and treat them immediately.
Anyone can report a suspected side effect of a vaccine through the Yellow Card Scheme.
Tips For Treating Side Effects From The Vaccine
Beyond taking medication, there are some home remedies that can help you cope with the side effects. Applying a cool, wet cloth to the spot on your arm where the shot was given can help with some of the pain, according to the CDC. Drinking lots of fluids is wise if you’re feverish, and wearing lightweight clothing can also keep you comfortable.
After your vaccine, you’re supposed to wait for 15 minutes before leaving the place where you got vaccinated to be observed for reactions or serious side effects.
According to the CDC, the side effects of the Covid vaccine should go away in a few days. That said, in some cases, the side effects can interfere with your ability to go about your daily life, so you may want to plan accordingly.
Also good to know: More people experience side effects from the second of the two doses. That’s because the first dose triggers an immune response, and the second dose “boosts” it.
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A Closer Look At The Safety Data
Findings from vaccine safety monitoring systems and scientific studies have shown that the flu vaccines have an excellent safety profile. Hundreds of millions of Americans have safely received flu vaccines for more than 50 years and the body of scientific evidence overwhelmingly supports their safety.
The safety of flu vaccines is monitored by CDC and FDA. Certain safety outcomes are commonly evaluated, including Guillain-Barré Syndrome, maternal and infant safety, and febrile seizures.
The data on an association between seasonal inactivated influenza vaccine and GBS have been variable from season-to-season. When there has been an increased risk, it has been in the range of 1-2 additional GBS cases per million flu vaccine doses administered. The data also indicate that a person is more likely to get GBS after flu disease than after getting a flu vaccine. Learn more about Guillain-Barré Syndrome.
Maternal and Infant Safety
Pregnant women are considered at high risk for developing serious complications from flu. Several studies have shown that influenza vaccination can protect pregnant women during and after pregnancy and protect the baby from influenza infection for several months after birth. More information on flu vaccine effectiveness in pregnant women and their babies.
Getting A Flu Shot Skip The Advil Aleve For Mild Discomfort
- Getting a Flu Shot? Skip the Advil, Aleve, for Mild Discomfort
Its best to avoid common pain relievers after a flu shot because they can dilute the power of the vaccine, according to research conducted at the University of Rochester Medical Center.
Ibuprofen , aspirin and naproxen dampen the production of necessary antibodies that protect the body against illness, scientists said.
Many over-the-counter pain and fever-reducers are classified as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories , which act in part by blocking the cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme. But blocking the cox-2 enzyme is not a good idea in the context of vaccination, because the cox-2 enzyme is necessary for high production of B-lymphocytes. When people take medications like Advil for discomfort at the injection site theyre also inadvertently reducing the ability of B cells to make the antibodies that protect against the flu.
Unless your health care provider tells you otherwise, its best not to take pain relievers one or two days before the flu vaccine and for a week afterward, said David J. Topham, Ph.D., a study author and professor in the Center for Vaccine Biology and Immunology at URMC.
What about low-dose aspirin? Individuals who take aspirin for cardiovascular or vascular disease should talk to their doctors before stopping even low-dose aspirin. And people who take medications such as Celebrex for arthritis or other chronic pain also should consult their physicians.
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Common Vaccine Side Effects Versus A Reaction To A Vaccine
Just like how most medications have side effects, vaccines also have varying levels of side effects, Hepfer said. For the most part, vaccine side effects are minor and temporary. Unless your health care provider recommends against a vaccine for you or your child for a health reason, the side effects are not big enough to warrant skipping a vaccine.
The most common side effects from a vaccination are pain, swelling and redness at the injection site. You or your children may also notice a mild fever as well as general soreness on the arm or leg of the injection.
There is a difference between a common side effect and an allergic reaction to a vaccination, Hepfer said. An allergic reaction may be a rash, difficulty breathing or even something more severe. If that happens, you need to contact your health care provider. However, an elevated temperature is generally nothing to be concerned about.
Hepfer notes an elevated temperature after a vaccination is actually a good thing. It means your immune response is working.
If You Must Take A Painkiller Paracetamol Is Recommended To Ease Any Mild Vaccine Side Effects
The UKs vaccination programme has been a resounding success, with more than 44.8 million people in the UK having received at least one dose of a coronavirus vaccine part of the biggest inoculation programme the country has ever launched.
With the aim of offering vaccines to all adults by mid-July, the Government says the continued success of the vaccine programme is crucial to planned easing of restrictions this month.
Those preparing to receive a jab may be wondering if taking painkillers before or after their vaccination would help alleviate any side effects.
Heres what you need to know about taking painkillers after getting the coronavirus vaccine.
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Flu Vaccine And Coronavirus
Flu vaccination is important because:
- more people are likely to get flu this winter as fewer people will have built up natural immunity to it during the COVID-19 pandemic
- if you get flu and COVID-19 at the same time, research shows you’re more likely to be seriously ill
- getting vaccinated against flu and COVID-19 will provide protection for you and those around you for both these serious illnesses
If you’ve had COVID-19, it’s safe to have the flu vaccine. It will still be effective at helping to prevent flu.
Are There Any Other Options For The Flu Vaccine Besides Getting A Shot
In addition to the flu shot, a nasal spray vaccine is also available. You may see this vaccine referred to as FluMist or the live attenuated influenza vaccine .
This vaccine is sprayed into your nose. Unlike the flu shot, it contains active influenza viruses. However, these vaccine viruses have been weakened so they wont cause an infection.
Like the flu shot, the nasal spray has some potential side effects. These can be different in adults and children and can include:
The nasal spray vaccine is approved for individuals ages 2 to 49. Its not recommended for certain groups, such as pregnant people and those with a weakened immune system.
If youre interested in receiving the nasal spray vaccine, talk with your doctor about whether its a safe option for you.
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Where To Get The Flu Vaccine
You can have the NHS flu vaccine at:
- your GP surgery
- a pharmacy offering the service
- your midwifery service if you’re pregnant
- a hospital appointment
If you do not have your flu vaccine at your GP surgery, you do not have to tell the surgery. This will be done for you.
It’s important to go to your vaccination appointments unless you have symptoms of COVID-19.
Is It Safe To Take Tylenol Or Ibuprofen Before Covid
Because taking over-the-counter painkillers before getting vaccinated may reduce the responsiveness of your immune system and therefore weaken the effectiveness of the vaccine, the CDC does not recommend taking Tylenol or ibuprofen before getting the COVID-19 vaccine.
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What Should I Discuss With My Healthcare Provider Before Receiving This Vaccine
You may not be able to receive this vaccine if you are allergic to eggs, or if you have ever had a severe allergic reaction to a flu vaccine.
Tell your vaccination provider if you have:
- a weak immune system or
- a history of Guillain-Barre syndrome .
You can still receive a vaccine if you have a minor cold. In the case of a more severe illness with a fever or any type of infection, wait until you get better before receiving this vaccine.
Tell your vaccination provider if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that pregnant women get a flu shot during any trimester of pregnancy to protect themselves and their newborn babies from flu. The nasal spray form of influenza vaccine is not recommended for use in pregnant women.
Why Is The Shot Given In Your Arm
Muscle tissue, like that found in your arm, has a high concentration of blood vessels. This allows the cells of your immune system to effectively access and process the contents of the vaccine.
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Can You Take Tylenol Ibuprofen With The Covid Booster Shot
APAP and Ibuprofen painkiller paracetamol pills are seen in plastic packaging in this photo illustration in Warsaw, Poland on April 2, 2021. A report by the MarketGlass research platform concludes that by 2027 the waste container market will have grown by 3.5 percent to 2.8 billion USD. Results of the report come from business analysis of economic trends induced by the pandemic and the following economic rescession.
Whether preparing for the COVID-19 booster shot or enduring side effects, officials have provided guidance on taking various over-the-counter medications.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends people talk to their doctors about taking over-the-counter medicines like ibuprofen, acetaminophen, aspirin, or antihistamines, for any pain and discomfort after getting vaccinated.
According to the CDC, Pfizer and Johnson & Johnson COVID boosters are the same dosage as the first round of shots. Moderna, however, is half the dose of the vaccine used in the initial series.
The CDC does not recommend, however, that people take such over-the-counter medications or antihistamines to prevent side effects prior to receiving the coronavirus vaccine or booster shot.
Health officials noted that it is not known how those medications might affect the efficacy of the vaccine. For people who take medications for underlying medical conditions, the CDC recommends to continue taking.
Common side effects in the body include:
Teasing Out Cause And Effect
One of the strengths of the study, Udell said, is that the researchers used a case-crossover design. The investigators went back and forth in time to see what happened when the subjects didn’t have a respiratory tract infection but were taking an anti-inflammatory compared to when they had the infection but were or weren’t taking the pain relievers.
“But the problem with any of these studies is … when you take an anti-inflammatory, why are you taking it? You might be taking it because you have fever. You may be taking it because you have pain. Those things can raise your blood pressure. Those things can raise your pulse rate,” Udell said.
It makes it difficult to tease out for sure whether the cause of a heart attack is from anti-inflammatory or the underlying reason you’re taking it.
NSAIDs also contain salts that could trigger heart attacks by raising blood pressure and leading patients to retain fluids.
In 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration boosted its warning labels on over-the-counter NSAIDs to highlight elevated risks for heart attack and stroke.
In the latest study, researchers didn’t consider the severity of the respiratory tract infection and they couldn’t tell whether patients actually took the NSAIDs that were dispensed to them.
Further research is needed to clarify the apparent combined effect on risk and determine how it might be managed.
With files from CBC’s Amina Zafar
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When Should You Call For Help
anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if after getting the flu vaccine:
- You have symptoms of a severe reaction to the flu vaccine. Symptoms of a severe reaction may include:
- Severe difficulty breathing.
- Sudden raised, red areas all over your body.
- Severe lightheadedness.
or seek immediate medical care if after getting the flu vaccine:
- You think you are having a reaction to the flu vaccine, such as a new fever.
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor if you have any problems.
How Do Pain Relievers Impact The Immune Response Of Vaccines
While we dont have any studies on how OTC pain relievers affect your immune systems response to the COVID-19 vaccine, we do have some research that was done with other vaccines. In short: Pain relievers might cause a weaker response to the vaccine. This can possibly make the vaccine less effective, but we need more research to be sure. There are two studies on this that well talk about, both dealing with kids who took Tylenol before getting their vaccines.
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Studies Reporting Antipyretics Used As A Primary Intervention
Studies done before the prymula 2009 publication
Eight interventional clinical studies, published before the 2009 Prymula paper, investigated the effect of prophylactic antipyretic analgesics on vaccine immune response. While the majority of these studies used acetaminophen as the antipyretic, the use of indomethacin, piroxicam and acetylsalicylic acid were also evaluated . Influenza vaccines were used in five of the seven studies involving adult participants, with pneumococcal and hepatitis B vaccines being the other two whereas the only pediatric study evaluated diphtheria, tetanus and whole cell pertussis vaccine .
What Else Can You Do To Alleviate Vaccine Side Effects
Plenty of rest and hydration is highly recommended for coping with possible vaccine side effects.
If you are experiencing soreness in your arm where the jab went in, try using a cold compress and exercise your arm to bring down the swelling and alleviate discomfort.
If its all too much and you feel you have to take a painkiller the World Health Organisation recommends paracetamol over other alternatives.
According to the NHS, most side effects of the Covid vaccine are mild and should not last longer than a week.
If you do experience a high temperature that lasts longer than two days, or if you develop a new continuous cough and a loss or change to your sense of smell, it is possible you have contracted the virus and should book a test and self-isolate as soon as possible.
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