How Can I Alleviate My Arm Pain
Swelling, redness and soreness are common after the flu shot and can last 24-48 hours. “If you always experience soreness or swelling after a flu vaccination, take an ibuprofen about 2 hours prior to vaccination,” suggests Dr. Mora. “You can also try icing the injection site to reduce redness and swelling and taking another dose of ibuprofen to ease any soreness or swelling.”
Can You Take Painkillers Before Receiving The Jab
Doctors also advise that you should not take a painkiller as a preventative measure before receiving your coronavirus vaccine – unless you have been told to do so by a doctor.
While taking ibuprofen or paracetamol beforehand most likely wont do any harm, it is not necessary and there is a chance that the immune response to the jab could be weakened.
However, there is no specific evidence that taking a painkiller before being inoculated will impact your bodys ability to build up immunity to the virus.
For that reason, the advice not to take a painkiller before is purely precautionary.
The World Health Organization has previously warned against taking painkillers such as ibuprofen around the time of vaccination, due to the lack of evidence on its effects.
Should You Take Otc Medications Before Getting The Vaccine
Taking OTC pain medications ahead of your shot to try and decrease symptoms is not recommended by the CDC, because it’s not clear how that could affect the vaccine’s effectiveness.
The concern is that pre-treating with pain medications that reduce fevers and inflammation could dampen your immune system’s response to the vaccine.
That’s because your immune system responds to vaccines through a process called “controlled inflammation,” Dr. Colleen Kelley, an associate professor of medicine at Emory University School of Medicine, told USA Today in January.
Covid messenger RNA vaccines work by giving cells genetic material that tells them how to make a non-infectious piece of the virus. The immune system then creates antibodies against it which is controlled inflammation and can remember how to trigger an immune response if exposed to the virus in the future.
But OTC pain-relieving medications “reduce the production of inflammatory mediators,” Kelley said. That’s why it’s important to wait until after you’ve gotten the vaccine to take pain medication.
Research on children has shown that those who take acetaminophen before getting vaccines have a lower immune response than those who didn’t. And a recent study out of Yale found that giving mice nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs before being exposed to SARS-CoV-2 led to fewer protective antibodies from the virus.
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Common Flu Shot Side Effects
The most common reaction to the vaccine is the body learning to fight off the flu, says Bruce Hirsch, MD, an infectious disease specialist at Northwell Health in New Hyde Park, New York. The CDC reports that most flu shot reactions are mild and include soreness, redness, and/or swelling at the injection site, low-grade fever, headache, nausea, muscle aches, and fatigue. According to SingleCares 2020 flu shot survey, the majority of people who experience these reactions reported mild side effects:
|Prevalence of flu shot side effects|
While not enjoyable, these vaccine side effects show that your bodys immune system is responding to the vaccine. Soreness is common at the site of the injection for a few days, Dr. Hirsch says. The injection goes into your shoulder muscle, which can cause soreness, but its also a sign of the bodys reaction to the shot as there is immune response at the site of the jab.
Sometimes, older individuals may react differently to the flu shot, becoming weakened physically, says Dr. Hirsch. Seniors may have a weaker immune system, so their reactions may be diminished, he says. They have the same reactions, but tend to have less severe side effects from the shot.
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How To Treat Flu Shot Side Effects
If you do experience side effects of the flu shot, they should pass in one to two days. Dr. Hirsch recommends using an ice pack if your arm is sore. To minimize side effects, avoid strenuous activity and over-exertion after you receive the vaccine. Ibuprofen or acetaminophen may be taken to reduce fever and soreness.
If you have a high fever greater than 101.5 within 24 to 72 hours after the vaccine or if the local reaction gets worse after 24 hours, then you should contact your physician, Dr. Mavunda advises.
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If I Take Tylenol Aspirin Or Other Nsaids For Another Medical Condition Is It Safe To Continue Taking It When Getting The Covid
Since theres no concrete evidence one way or the other on whether OTC pain relievers make the COVID-19 vaccines less effective, it could actually be much riskier for you to stop any regular medications. Stopping a daily low-dose aspirin can raise your risk of heart problems or blood clots. Stopping regular NSAIDs for arthritis or other conditions can worsen your condition or cause a flare-up of symptoms.
If you do take any medications that contain Tylenol, or if you take NSAIDs regularly for other medical conditions, please speak to your healthcare provider about whether you should continue taking them while receiving your COVID-19 vaccine. They will review your personal medical history and let you know if you should stop taking them a few days beforehand.
Do Painkillers Affect How The Vaccine Works
Hmm, kind of. Experts have said that painkillers could affect the vaccines efficacy.
Michael Mina, assistant professor of epidemiology at Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, told The Independent that allowing your body to deal with the virus without painkillers helps it to build immunological memory.
Dont use beforehand, he said, adding that people should try very hard not to take painkillers after getting the jab.
Developing mild symptoms after the jab is perfectly normal as it is an indicator that your immune system is reacting to the vaccine and building up resistance to the coronavirus.
Taking painkillers may affect how well your immune system takes to the vaccine so if you can, try to avoid it, and remember that side effects are normal and to be expected.
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What Is Influenza Virus Vaccine
Influenza virus is a contagious disease caused by a virus that can spread from one person to another through the air or on surfaces. Flu symptoms include fever, chills, tiredness, aches, sore throat, cough, vomiting, and diarrhea. The flu can also cause sinus infections, ear infections, bronchitis, or serious complications such as pneumonia.
Influenza causes thousands of deaths each year, and hundreds of thousands of hospitalizations. Influenza is most dangerous in children, pregnant women, older adults, and people with weak immune systems or health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, or cancer.
Influenza virus vaccine is for use in adults and children at least 6 months old, to prevent infection caused by influenza virus. This vaccine helps your body develop immunity to the disease, but will not treat an active infection you already have.
Influenza virus vaccine is redeveloped each year to contain specific strains of inactivated flu virus that are recommended by public health officials for that year.
The injectable influenza virus vaccine is made from “killed viruses.” Influenza virus vaccine is also available in a nasal spray form, which is a “live virus” vaccine. This medication guide addresses only the injectable form of this vaccine.
Like any vaccine, influenza virus vaccine may not provide protection from disease in every person.
Signs Of An Allergic Reaction To Flu Shots
What about flu shot allergies? If youre able to eat scrambled eggs, you shouldnt have a problem. But if you do have an egg allergy, its important to make sure your vaccine is of the egg-free variety. Most flu vaccines are currently made using eggs, says Dr. Hirsch. There are microscopic amounts of the egg protein ovalbumin in most vaccines. Persons with severe egg allergic reactions should get the flu shot with egg-free vaccines such as Flublok Quadrivalent and Flucelvax Quadrivalent.
The following may be signs of a severe allergic reaction:
- Difficulty breathing
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Teasing Out Cause And Effect
One of the strengths of the study, Udell said, is that the researchers used a case-crossover design. The investigators went back and forth in time to see what happened when the subjects didn’t have a respiratory tract infection but were taking an anti-inflammatory compared to when they had the infection but were or weren’t taking the pain relievers.
“But the problem with any of these studies is … when you take an anti-inflammatory, why are you taking it? You might be taking it because you have fever. You may be taking it because you have pain. Those things can raise your blood pressure. Those things can raise your pulse rate,” Udell said.
It makes it difficult to tease out for sure whether the cause of a heart attack is from anti-inflammatory or the underlying reason you’re taking it.
NSAIDs also contain salts that could trigger heart attacks by raising blood pressure and leading patients to retain fluids.
In 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration boosted its warning labels on over-the-counter NSAIDs to highlight elevated risks for heart attack and stroke.
In the latest study, researchers didn’t consider the severity of the respiratory tract infection and they couldn’t tell whether patients actually took the NSAIDs that were dispensed to them.
Further research is needed to clarify the apparent combined effect on risk and determine how it might be managed.
With files from CBC’s Amina Zafar
Can I Take Ibuprofen After The Covid Jab
Yes, its fine to take paracetamol and ibuprofen after the Covid vaccine.
Advice from the NHS says that you can take painkillers such as paracetamol if you experience the jabs side effects.
As long as you stick to the recommended dose, it is safe to take painkillers following your Covid jab.
Ibuprofen and paracetamol are also recommended by the NHS for treating the symptoms of coronavirus itself.
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What Is A Vaccine
Most vaccines are made from small amounts of a weak or dead agent that resembles a disease-causing germ, bacteria or virus. The amount and strength of the disease within a vaccine is so small that it wont give you the disease. Instead, it will build your immunity against the disease, Hepfer said. Unlike most medicines, a vaccine does not treat or cure, but actually prevents illness by stimulating your immune system to produce antibodies against the disease or illness.
Although there are also new emerging vaccine technologies, all vaccines serve the same purpose: to get your bodys immune system familiar with that disease so it can build a defense and keep you healthy.
Common Vaccine Side Effects Versus A Reaction To A Vaccine
Just like how most medications have side effects, vaccines also have varying levels of side effects, Hepfer said. For the most part, vaccine side effects are minor and temporary. Unless your health care provider recommends against a vaccine for you or your child for a health reason, the side effects are not big enough to warrant skipping a vaccine.
The most common side effects from a vaccination are pain, swelling and redness at the injection site. You or your children may also notice a mild fever as well as general soreness on the arm or leg of the injection.
There is a difference between a common side effect and an allergic reaction to a vaccination, Hepfer said. An allergic reaction may be a rash, difficulty breathing or even something more severe. If that happens, you need to contact your health care provider. However, an elevated temperature is generally nothing to be concerned about.
Hepfer notes an elevated temperature after a vaccination is actually a good thing. It means your immune response is working.
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What Should I Discuss With My Healthcare Provider Before Receiving This Vaccine
You may not be able to receive this vaccine if you are allergic to eggs, or if you have ever had a severe allergic reaction to a flu vaccine.
Tell your vaccination provider if you have:
- a weak immune system or
- a history of Guillain-Barre syndrome .
You can still receive a vaccine if you have a minor cold. In the case of a more severe illness with a fever or any type of infection, wait until you get better before receiving this vaccine.
Tell your vaccination provider if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that pregnant women get a flu shot during any trimester of pregnancy to protect themselves and their newborn babies from flu. The nasal spray form of influenza vaccine is not recommended for use in pregnant women.
The Cdc Recommends Avoiding Ibuprofen Or Acetaminophen Before You Get The Covid
It totally makes sense that youd want to pop a pain- or fever-reducing pill in anticipation of uncomfortable symptoms, but its unclear at this point how these medications will impact the vaccines ability to create those important COVID-fighting antibodies.
There are a couple of small studies in children having to do with regular vaccinesnot COVID vaccinesthat might indicate that taking ibuprofen or acetaminophen before you get the vaccine might reduce your antibody response a little, says William Schaffner, M.D., an infectious disease specialist and professor at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. But nobody really knows whether this has any clinical significance and its never been studied on a clinical scale.
So, until more research is done and the implications are understood, its best to be cautious and simply avoid taking these meds right before you get vaccinated, as there is some risk that doing this might render the vaccine less effective,says David Cennimo, M.D., assistant professor of medicine-pediatrics infectious disease at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School.
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These Medications Could Affect Your Immune System’s Response To The Vaccine
As noted by the CDC, part of the reason that taking pain relievers right before getting vaccinated is not advised is that there hasn’t been a chance to study the effect it may have. But other health care professionals have shared similar warnings on potential issues, including the University of California Irvine. “Do not pre-medicate,” the UC Irvine experts warn. “In general, pre-medicating with over-the-counter medications that reduce fever or inflammation such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen before receiving a vaccine may reduce its ability to work and can blunt your immune response to the vaccine.”
That’s because “these OTC medications work as anti-inflammatories and block a pathway called the cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme,” Ashley Ellis, PharmD, director of clinical operations for Compwell, previously told Best Life. Your body needs these enzymes to be able to produce plenty of “B-lymphocytes, which downstream make antibodies to COVID, the flu, or whichever pathogen the vaccine is trying to protect against.” And for more on what you might be able to expect after your shots, check out Dr. Fauci Says He Had These Side Effects From His Second Vaccine Dose.
Who Should Get The Flu Vaccine
Everyone age 6 months or older should get a flu vaccine each year. It lowers the chance of getting and spreading the flu. The vaccine is very important for people who are at high risk for getting other health problems from the flu. This includes:
- Anyone 50 years of age or older.
- People who live in a long-term care center, such as a nursing home.
- All children 6 months through 18 years of age.
- Adults and children 6 months and older who have long-term heart or lung problems, such as asthma.
- Adults and children 6 months and older who needed medical care or were in a hospital during the past year because of diabetes, chronic kidney disease, or a weak immune system .
- Women who will be pregnant during the flu season.
- People who have any condition that can make it hard to breathe or swallow .
- People who can give the flu to others who are at high risk for problems from the flu. This includes all health care workers and close contacts of people age 65 or older.
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The Cdc Recommends That You Avoid Otc Medications Right Before Vaccination
While the CDC says post-vaccination OTC medication is fine with a doctor’s approval, the agency says it is “not recommended you take these medicines before vaccination for the purpose of trying to prevent side effects.” It is not yet known how these drugs could affect your vaccination response.
“There are a couple of small studies in children having to do with regular vaccinesânot COVID vaccinesâ that might indicate that taking ibuprofen or acetaminophen before you get the vaccine might reduce your antibody response a little,” William Schaffner, MD, an infectious disease specialist and professor at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, explained to Prevention. “But nobody really knows whether this has any clinical significance and it’s never been studied on a clinical scale.” And for more up-to-date information, .
Can You Take Ibuprofen If You Have Covid
There were early suggestions that taking ibuprofen could worsen Covid-19 symptoms.
However, the Commission on Human Medicines concluded that people can still take the drug, along with paracetamol, when they are ill with the virus if needed.
The Commission, which advises the UK Government on the safety, efficacy and quality of medicinal products, found there was “currently insufficient evidence to establish a link between use of ibuprofen, or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , and susceptibility to contracting COVID-19 or the worsening of its symptoms.
“Patients can take paracetamol or ibuprofen when self-medicating for symptoms of COVID-19, such as fever and headache, and should follow NHS advice if they have any questions or if symptoms get worse.”
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