Differences Between Shot And Nasal Vaccine
People taking immunosuppressive drugs should get the flu shot, not the nasal-spray flu vaccine . LAIV, which contains live, weakened flu virus, is not recommended for anyone who has a chronic disease, including IBD. LAIV should also not be taken by anyone receiving medications that can weaken the immune system, such as the IBD drugs mentioned above.
The inactivated flu shot contains dead viruses and will not give the recipient the flu.
Eliquis For Preventing Dvt And Pe From Recurring
Eliquis is FDA-approved to help prevent DVT and PE from recurring . The drug helps stop new blood clots from forming in your veins.
Eliquis is used for this purpose after youve already taken Eliquis or another anticoagulant drug for at least 6 months to treat DVT or PE.
Your doctor will prescribe Eliquis for this use if they think you have a high risk for getting another blood clot. Examples of factors that could raise your risk for a blood clot include:
- broken bones
Effectiveness for preventing DVT and PE recurrence
In a clinical study, Eliquis was found to be effective for preventing DVT and PE from recurring . This study looked at adults whod already taken an anticoagulant for 6 to 12 months to treat a DVT or PE. Everyone in the study took either Eliquis or a placebo for 12 months.
In this 12-month study:
- 2.3% to 3.4% of people who took Eliquis had a DVT during treatment
- 8.7% of people who took a placebo had a DVT during treatment
- 2.6% to 3.5% of people who took Eliquis died from any cause during treatment
- 4% of people who took a placebo died from any cause during treatment
View the drugs prescribing information for more effectiveness information.
Its important to note that your results from taking Eliquis may vary from those seen in clinical studies. If you have questions about whether Eliquis is right for you, talk with your doctor.
Who Should And Who Should Not Get A Flu Vaccine
Everyone 6 months of age and older should get an influenza vaccine every season, with rare exceptions. For the 2021-2022 flu season, three main types of influenza vaccines will be available. Two kindsthe inactivated influenza vaccines and the recombinant influenza vaccine are injectable . The third type, the live attenuated influenza vaccine , is given by nasal spray. Different influenza vaccines are approved for different age groups. Some people should not get some types of influenza vaccines, and some people should not receive influenza vaccines at all . Everyone who is vaccinated should receive a vaccine that is appropriate for their age and health status. There is no preference for any one vaccine over another.
This page includes information on who should and who should not get an influenza vaccine, and who should talk to a health care professional before vaccination. Talk to your health care provider if you have any questions regarding which influenza vaccines are best for you and your family.
All persons aged 6 months of age and older are recommended for annual flu vaccination, with rare exception.
Vaccination is particularly important for people who are at higher risk of developing serious flu complications.
People who can get the flu shot:
Flu shots are appropriate for most people.
People who SHOULD NOT get a flu shot include:
People who SHOULD NOT get a nasal spray vaccine:
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Medical Experts Explain Why There’s Little Reason To Worry About Your Medications
by Dena Bunis, AARP, Updated February 25, 2021
En español | Every morning, you take a pill for your blood pressure or diabetes, and then maybe at night, you take a statin for your cholesterol. Now, because of the pandemic, you’re being asked to throw a coronavirus vaccination into the mix. While you should consult your doctor if you have concerns, medical experts say the vast majority of prescription drugs will work just as well after you get a COVID-19 vaccine, and they won’t diminish the effectiveness of the shot you’re getting to ward off the coronavirus.
How can doctors be so sure? It comes down to the fact that most of the maintenance medications we take go nowhere near the system in your body that the COVID-19 vaccines affect: your immune system.
What About Getting The Covid
In May 2021, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updated their recommendations regarding getting other vaccinations around the time youre getting your COVID-19 vaccine. You can safely get other vaccines at the same time as the COVID-19 vaccine.
However, if you do receive multiple vaccinations at once, you should receive them in different limbs, so if you have an injection reaction, you know which vaccine is the cause.
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What You Can Do To Prevent Bleeding
While you’re taking apixaban, be careful when you do activities that might cause an injury or a cut or bruising.
It can help to:
- stop playing contact sports or other activities than can cause a head injury such as football, rugby, hockey and horse riding
- wear gloves when you use sharp objects like scissors, knives and gardening tools
- stop wet shaving or removing hair with wax use an electric razor or hair-removing cream instead
- take dentures or retainers out for a few hours a day, if you wear them, to give your gums a rest do not wear dentures or retainers that do not fit properly
- tell your doctor, dentist or nurse that you take apixaban before you have any medical or dental procedures or surgery this includes vaccinations and routine appointments with the dental hygienist
Is It Safe To Get A Flu Shot While Taking Ms Drugs
Learn which vaccines are safe, and which you may need to avoid.
As the COVID-19 pandemic rages on, getting vaccinated against the flu has arguably never been more important but is the shot safe for people undergoing treatment for multiple sclerosis ?
In general, the answer to that question is yes, but there are some considerations for people with the condition, according to Amit Bar-Or, MD, chief of the multiple sclerosis division at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, and president of the International Society for Neuroimmunology.
Theres no reason to consider the flu shot as riskier for people with MS, he says. Just having MS does not increase risk for adverse outcomes with the vaccine.
In fact, in guidelines published in September 2019 in the journal Neurology, the American Academy of Neurology recommends that people with MS get vaccinated against the flu annually, unless theres a specific reason they cant get it, such as an allergy to the vaccine.
However, certain types of flu vaccine there are more than a dozen formulated each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention arent recommended for people on specific MS treatments, according to the National MS Society. This is because the vaccines may not be as effective at preventing the flu in people taking these drugs, the society says.
Heres an overview of the types of flu vaccines and which ones may be impacted by your MS treatment.
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About Your Blood Thinner
Your doctor has prescribed a medicine called a blood thinner to prevent blood clots. Blood clots can put you at risk for heart attack, stroke, and other serious medical problems. A blood thinner is a kind of drug called an anticoagulant . “Anti” means against and “coagulant” means to thicken into a gel or solid.
Blood thinner drugs work well when they are used correctly. To help you learn about your medicine, your doctor has given you this booklet to read.
Depending on where you receive care, you may be seen by a doctor, nurse, physicians assistant, nurse practitioner, pharmacist, or other health care professional. The term “doctor” is used in this booklet to refer to the person who helps you manage your blood thinner medicine.
You and your doctor will work together as a team to make sure that taking your blood thinner does not stop you from living well and safely. The information in this booklet will help you understand why you are taking a blood thinner and how to keep yourself healthy. Please take time to read all of the information in this booklet.
There are different types of blood thinners. The most common blood thinner that doctors prescribe is warfarin . Your doctor may also discuss using one of the newer blood thinners depending on your individual situation.
|Warning!Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to get pregnant. Many blood thinners can cause birth defects or bleeding that may harm your unborn child.|
Feature Article: Medications And Covid
Many people take regular medications, so as they prepare to get the COVID-19 vaccine, they wonder whether their medications will interfere with the vaccine or vice versa. In this article, we will discuss why some medications may be expected to alter the response to the vaccine and others would not. However, given the almost 40 different categories of medications and the thousands of medicinal products distributed, this article will not exhaustively address the topic. With this in mind, individuals should always consider three important points:
Four types of medications have been commonly discussed related to COVID-19 vaccinations, so we will start by addressing these:
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Reversing Bleeds With Andexxa
If you have severe, uncontrolled, or life threatening bleeding with Eliquis, this can be reversed with a drug called Andexxa. This drug is an antidote to Eliquis thats used in an emergency.
Andexxa is given in hospital by intravenous infusion . The drug attaches to the Eliquis thats in your body and stops it from working. This allows your blood to clot normally again.
Andexxa is also sometimes used if you need emergency surgery while taking Eliquis. Surgery carries a risk for bleeding, and this risk is higher if youre taking Eliquis. To learn more, see the Eliquis and surgery section under Eliquis interactions above.
Like Xarelto , the drug warfarin has uses similar to those of Eliquis. Heres a comparison of how Eliquis and warfarin are alike and different.
What Should I Watch Out For
The flu vaccine reduces your risk of getting the flu, but may not completely protect you. You still have a small chance of getting the flu even after a flu shot. If you do get the flu, your symptoms should be less severe, and you are less likely to develop complications. The flu vaccine will not protect against colds or viruses other than the flu.
For a day or two after you get the vaccine, you may feel sore where you had the shot or have a mild fever, headache, or tiredness. If any of these side effects lasts longer than 2 days or if they become severe, contact your healthcare provider.
If you need emergency care, surgery, or dental work, tell the healthcare provider or dentist you have received this medicine.
Children may develop a fever after the shot. If the fever is high or lasts longer than 2 days, contact your healthcare provider.
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Why Do Some Vaccines Interact With Medications
Vaccines work by creating an immune response in our bodies. This immune response does more than just create antibodies against a disease: It primes our bodies to fight an infection. Sometimes, these changes can affect how the cells in our bodies use the medications we take.
For example, some of the medications we take for other diseases are activated by an enzyme called cytochrome p450. Cytochrome p450 is a working molecule made by our bodies. It turns some medications on. It turns other medications off. We count on cytochrome p450 to work at a certain speed in order to get a steady response from our medications.
Strong inflammation, including the inflammation caused by severe COVID-19, puts this enzyme on hold. We dont know yet if the immune response caused by the vaccine could have a similar effect on cytochrome p450.
The good news is that most of the time, a small change in how quickly a medication is activated wont have any meaningful effect on your health. And the initial inflammation caused by the COVID-19 vaccine only lasts a few days. Once it goes down, your immune system will remember COVID-19, but the rest of your body will return to normal.
Eliquis For Preventing Dvt That Could Lead To Pe After A Hip Or Knee Replacement
Eliquis is FDA-approved to prevent DVT that could lead to PE in people whove had hip or knee replacement surgery. These surgeries raise your risk for DVT. This is because the process of replacing your hip or knee can damage blood vessels around the joint, which can lead to DVT.
In addition, after the surgery youll be less mobile for a while. This means your blood will flow more slowly and could clot more easily. These issues can lead to a blood clot forming in a vein in your leg. If the clot dislodges, it can travel through your bloodstream to your lungs and lead to a PE.
Eliquis helps prevent blood clots, so it lowers your risk for having a DVT or PE after a hip or knee replacement.
Effectiveness for preventing DVT and PE after hip or knee replacement
Eliquis was found to be effective for preventing DVTs and PEs following hip or knee replacement surgeries in three clinical studies. In these studies, Eliquis was compared with enoxaparin . Enoxaparin is an effective, widely used anticoagulant thats given by injection.
One study looked at people who took either 30 mg of Eliquis or enoxaparin for an average of 35 days following hip replacement surgery. A DVT or PE, or death from any cause, occurred in:
- 1.39% of people who took Eliquis
- 3.86% of people who took enoxaparin
Two studies looked at people who took Eliquis or enoxaparin for an average of 12 days following knee replacement surgery. PE occurred in:
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Dosage For Preventing Blood Clots And Stroke In People With Afib
The usual dosage of Eliquis for preventing blood clots and stroke in people with atrial fibrillation is 5 mg taken twice a day.
However, your doctor may prescribe a dosage of 2.5 mg twice a day if two or more of these factors apply to you:
- youre age 80 years or older
- you weigh 132 pounds or less
- you have kidney problems
Lowering the drugs dosage due to kidney problems may be referred to as renal dosing.
Follow Up And Outcome Assessment
We carried out three follow up visits: the first at the moment of vaccination, the second at 24 hours and the third at 10 days. The visits took place in the patients’ own practices and were carried out by health care professionals from their practice. When a patient failed to attend a visit, three attempts were made to contact him/her by telephone at different times. If they declined a request to come to the missed visit, they were asked for the reason and if they had had any side effects.
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Can My Medications Affect The Covid
It is likely that some medications, especially steroids and anti-inflammatory medications, can affect your response to the vaccine. These medications might make the vaccine less effective for you.
The effect of medications on vaccines has been studied a great deal in children. In particular, researchers have looked into whether giving a child a fever-reducing medicine, like acetaminophen , right before they get their regular shots will make these shots less effective. For this particular situation, researchers found that the kids whod taken acetaminophen before their shot had a lower immune reaction measured in their blood work than the kids who hadnt. However, the vaccines still worked well enough to protect them in the real world.
For the COVID-19 vaccines, it seems likely that the same thing will happen. In other words, the vaccines effect will probably be slightly less in people who are taking anti-inflammatory or immunosuppressant medications than it will be in those who arent taking these medications. But especially for people who need to take these medicines, some immunity against COVID-19 is better than none.
Will An Antibiotic Cure Me Of The Flu
No, antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections and do not work on viral infections like the flu. This is another common myth about the flu and possible flu medicine used to treat it.
You might hear people say that they took an antibiotic and it cured them of the flu. Since the flu usually lasts about 5 to 7 days, it might seem that an antibiotic may have helped cure the flu. However, it is likely that the flu just resolved on its own.
Research studies of antiviral flu medicine shows that it can lessen symptoms of the flu and shorten the amount of time youre sick. If you think you may need a flu medicine to help with the flu, you should talk about it with your healthcare provider.
OTC flu medicines, as mentioned above, can help with symptoms but usually do not shorten the flus course.
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