Gardasil 9 For Preventing Genital Warts Caused By Hpv
Gardasil 9 is approved to prevent genital warts caused by HPV.
For this purpose, clinical studies of the now-discontinued Gardasil vaccine were used to show the effectiveness of Gardasil 9. These studies showed the vaccine provided protection against HPV types 6 and 11.
In clinical trials, Gardasil was 99% effective at preventing genital warts caused by HPV in females ages 16 through 26 years old. In males ages 16 through 26 years old, the vaccine was about 89% effective in preventing genital warts caused by HPV.
In females ages 27 through 45 years old, Gardasil was between 87.7% and 95.0% effective in preventing genital warts caused by HPV.
In males and females ages 9 through 15 years, studies looked at genital wart infections that occurred after vaccination and lasted for at least 1 year. No cases were observed in this age group after vaccination with Gardasil.
In males ages 27 through 45 years, studies looked at whether Gardasil triggered a response from the immune system that was strong enough to protect against genital warts. Gardasil 9 was found to stimulate a strong immune response in this age group.
Can I Get Gardasil 9 If I Received Gardasil In The Past
Possibly. If youve already received the Gardasil vaccine, talk with your doctor about whether you should get Gardasil 9. There are currently no recommendations by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices on whether or not people who got the full Gardasil series should also get Gardasil 9.
Your doctor or pharmacist can help you decide if you should get the vaccine, depending on your age and risk factors.
Lower Response To Gardasil 9 In People With Weakened Immune Systems
- Risk factors: Medical conditions that weaken the immune system | Taking medications that lower your immune system
Gardasil 9 might not work as well in people with a weakened immune system. This can put you at higher risk of HPV, even after you’ve received the vaccine. If you have any medical conditions , cancer) or take medications that weaken your immune system , talk to your provider first before receiving Gardasil 9.
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Will Being Vaccinated Against Flu Pneumonia And Shingles Help Prevent Covid
The short answer is no. But reducing your risk for getting sick with the flu, pneumonia, or shingles which is what these vaccines do makes a lot of sense during the pandemic, Privor-Dumm says.
Lowering your risk for vaccine-preventable diseases will help you avoid doctors offices and hospitals, which will reduce any potential exposure to the coronavirus, Privor-Dumm adds.
Plus, Privor-Dumm says, Preventing serious disease can help keep you out of the hospital at a time when health resources may be needed to treat COVID-19 patients.
Three Shots At Once What About Four
The CDC doesn’t place limits on the number of vaccinations you can get at the same time as a COVID-19 vaccine dose. So you can get the flu shot and COVID-19 vaccine on the same day, or you can get a COVID-19 shot, a flu shot and any other vaccine such as measles, pneumonia or shingles during the same visit.
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If you’re due for a shot that’s not time-sensitive the way the COVID-19 and influenza shots are, Mishori says she sometimes recommends that patients space them out, especially if the other vaccine is known for its side effects, like the shingles vaccine is.
“I tell my patients, You don’t want to get the shingles and COVID vaccine at the same time because you’re going to feel really, really miserable, she says. Shingles vaccine side effects may include fatigue, headache, muscle pain and nausea.
However, Mishori says convenience is a big consideration. I’ll ask, How disruptive is it going to be for your life? Can you get time off if you work to come back in? If not, go ahead and get it today.’
Michelle Crouch is a contributing writer who has covered health and personal finance for some of the nation’s top consumer publications. Her work has appeared in Reader’s Digest, Real Simple, Prevention, The Washington Post and The New York Times.
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Finding The Information You Need Can Prove Difficult Amid All The Arguments Today
Information and arguments surrounding vaccinations for teenagers and adults seem to be everywhere these days. Two in particular the HPV vaccine for teenage girls and the flu vaccine for adults are continuously mentioned in the media, on posters in the chemist and in online forums, while the pertussis vaccine for pregnant women is increasingly a part of public discourse.
The CervicalCheck scandal, with cervical cancers link to human papillomavirus , the late Emma Mhic Mhathúnas participation in the Health Service Executives campaign for the vaccine and Minister for Health Simon Harriss announcement that money from the new budget will help fund gender-neutral vaccination, have all brought discussions regarding the HPV vaccine to the fore.
Meanwhile, the uptake for the annual flu vaccines has increased over the years, and the onset of the colder weather means that the public are once again encouraged to get it.
A lesser discussed but none-the-less crucial vaccine is the one for pertussis, or whooping cough. Although this is part of routine childhood vaccinations, pregnant women are now being encouraged to get this vaccine again during their second or third trimesters in order to protect their babies from infection although it is not always readily available.
Who should get them? Why? And what are the risks if we dont get them? Or the side effects if we do?
Benefits of the HPV vaccine
The HPV national vaccination programme for girls
What Are The Benefits Of The Hpv Vaccines
In women who have never been infected with HPV, the vaccines prevent almost 100% of cases of cervical cancer caused by the HPV types covered by the vaccines.
The HPV9 vaccine also prevents about:
- 78% of cases of anal cancers in men caused by the two main types of HPV
- 90% to 100% of cases of genital warts in men and women caused by 2 other types of HPV
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What Vaccines Do I Need If I’m Traveling Abroad
Travel vaccines depend on where you are going. Contact your doctor or your local health department as early as possible to find out which immunizations you may need. You can visit the Travelers’ Health website for up to date information on immunization recommendations for international travelers or call the CDC information line for international travelers at 1-877-394-8747.
Gardasil 9 For Preventing Cervical Vulvar Vaginal Anal And Head And Neck Cancers Caused By Hpv
Gardasil 9 is FDA-approved to prevent several types of cancers that can be caused by the human papillomavirus . HPV is spread by vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has the virus. Even if a person doesnt show any symptoms, they may still be infected with HPV.
According to the , HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection.
There are more than 100 types of HPV that can cause problems such as genital warts or cancer. Gardasil 9 protects against nine types. The vaccine contains proteins that are similar to each of these nine types of HPV.
The types of HPV that cause cancer are different from the types of HPV that cause genital warts. Gardasil 9 protects against HPV-related anal cancer and head and neck cancers in males and females.* It also protects against the following types of HPV-related cancer in females:
- cervical cancer
- vulvar cancer
- vaginal cancer
These cancers can be caused by HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58. After getting the vaccine, youd be protected from all of these types.
* Sex and gender exist on spectrums. Use of the terms male and female in this article refers to sex assigned at birth.
The effectiveness of Gardasil 9 vaccine was tested in females* ages 16 through 26 years old. In this study, 6,016 females received Gardasil 9 and 6,017 females received Gardasil. In the Gardasil 9 group, the vaccine was 96.7% effective at preventing abnormal changes or cancer in the cervix, vulva, or vagina.
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What Happens If You Get Your Flu Shot And Covid Booster At The Same Time
Last year, public health experts were deeply concerned about the prospect of a flu and a COVID-19 twindemic. But as it turned out, seasonal flu activity was unusually low. This was likely due to the combination of masking, stay-at-home orders, reduced travel and people paying close attention to things like indoor ventilation.
No one yet knows what the upcoming flu season will hold, especially with states differing approaches to masking and social distancing.
But one thing is clear: Health guidelines continue to state that anyone ages 6 months and older should get their annual flu vaccine. And that means millions of people will get their flu shot at or around the same time they get a COVID booster dose .
Is that safe? Is there anything people should know about getting two vaccines at or around the same time? Heres what we know.
Is Gardasil 9 Safe
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . Its approved for use in children and adults ages 9 to 45 years old.
Gardasil 9 is an inactive vaccine. This means it cant cause HPV to occur in people who get the vaccine.
The most common side effects that can occur from a Gardasil 9 vaccine include pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site, headache, and fever. These side effects are very similar to side effects you may experience from other inactive vaccines.
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Us Vaccine Guidelines For Flu Hpv Updated
CDC panel revises immunization advisory for vaccines affecting adults
TUESDAY, Feb. 7, 2017 — Roll up your sleeves, America. A national advisory panel of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released its 2017 advisory for recommended shots affecting adults.
This year’s advisory revises guidance on seasonal flu shots by eliminating nasal flu vaccines and modifying flu-shot advice for people with egg allergy. It also tweaks recommendations for vaccines against human papillomavirus , hepatitis B and meningococcal disease.
Doctors use the annually updated vaccine schedule to ensure that patients receive the right vaccines for their age, medical condition and other risk factors. The entire list includes 13 vaccinations.
“All adults need immunizations to help them prevent getting and spreading serious disease that could result in poor health, missed work, medical bills, and not being able to care for family,” said the report’s lead author, Dr. David Kim. He is deputy associate director for adult immunizations in the CDC’s Immunization Services Division.
The CDC sets the adult immunization schedule based on recommendations from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices , a group of medical and public health experts whose advice reflects the latest science.
Here are the major changes you need to know about:
Last year, people with more serious egg allergy were advised to stick with an egg-free flu vaccine, she explained.
Vaccination Of Specific Populations
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
HPV vaccines are not recommended for use in pregnancy because data on HPV vaccination in pregnancy are limited. HPV vaccine, however, has not been causally associated with adverse outcomes of pregnancy or adverse events to the developing fetus. In the absence of data, it is recommended that initiation of the HPV vaccine series should be delayed until after completion of the pregnancy. If a woman is found to be pregnant after initiating the vaccination series, completion of the series should be delayed until after pregnancy. No intervention is required if vaccine has been administered during pregnancy.
Vaccine recipients and health care providers are encouraged to report any exposure to HPV4 or HPV9 vaccine during pregnancy to the vaccine manufacturer at 1-800-567-2594. Exposure to HPV2 vaccine during pregnancy should be reported to the vaccine manufacturer at 1-800-387-7374.
There are limited data on the effects on breastfed infants from HPV vaccination of their mothers however, there have been no reported adverse events thought to be vaccine-related. Therefore, HPV vaccine may be administered to breastfeeding women.
Refer to Immunization in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding in Part 3 for additional information about vaccination of women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Refer to Immunization of Immunocompromised Persons in Part 3 for additional information about vaccination of people who are immunocompromised.
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If A Person Has Begun Immunisation With The Existing Gardasil Vaccine Can They Complete The Course With Gardasil 9
People who have begun immunisation with the HPV4 vaccine should complete with HPV4 while it is available, which is expected to be until early 2017.
Once stocks of HPV4 have run out, people will complete their course with Gardasil 9.
Gardasil 9 protects against nine types of HPV, whereas HPV4 protects against four types. It is not known whether a mixed schedule gives any protection against the five additional HPV types included in Gardasil 9.
What Are The Pros And Cons Of Being Vaccinated
The benefits of vaccination generally far outweigh any risks, Privor-Dumm says. Although vaccines do have some side effects, most are mild and temporary.
The bigger con is getting disease, which may lead to further health complications, she adds. For instance, people who are hospitalized with influenza have a greater likelihood of heart attack or stroke following their illness, and the economic consequences of a serious illness can be catastrophic for some. Thats why its best to prevent disease in the first place.
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Gardasil 9 For Preventing Precancerous Or Abnormal Lesions Caused By Hpv
Gardasil 9 is FDA-approved to prevent precancerous growths or abnormal lesions caused by HPV.
HPV can cause abnormal changes in your cervix, vulva, vagina, or anus. Some of these changes are called neoplasia, and they can lead to cancer in some people.
Clinical trials showed the effectiveness of the Gardasil 9 vaccine at preventing certain abnormal growths or changes caused by HPV.
In one study, Gardasil 9 was more than 96% effective at preventing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia or adenocarcinoma caused by HPV types 31, 33, 45, 52 or 58. These are the HPV types whose effects are not prevented by the now-discontinued Gardasil vaccine.
In the study, 5,948 females received the Gardasil 9 vaccine. In this group, there was one case of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia or adenocarcinoma. In comparison, in 5,943 females who received the original Gardasil vaccine, there were 27 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia or adenocarcinoma.
Other studies looked at Gardasil to show the effectiveness of Gardasil 9. This was done because the Gardasil vaccine and Gardasil 9 vaccine both protect against the four types of HPV covered in the studies: 6, 11, 16, and 18.
In these clinical studies, more than 24,000 people received Gardasil, and a similar number received a placebo . Gardasil was found to be effective in preventing HPV-related precancerous or abnormal lesions caused by those four types of HPV.
Do I Really Need A Flu Shot
While the flu posed less of a threat to Americans during the socially distanced winter earlier this year, there’s mounting evidence that influenza may pose more of a threat now than ever. “We know that antibodies that protect against flu wane over time this means there may be many people, both children and adults, who have less immunity against flu this season than during previous seasons because they werent exposed to flu last year,” Dr. Walensky warns.
It’s crucial to ensure that you receive both vaccines, as they’re equally important do not prioritize one over the other, especially if you are older than 65. “Everyone six months and older should get their flu vaccine each season,” she says, adding that those at higher risk for severe flu complications should start planning their vaccine timeline now. “This includes adults 65 years and older, people with certain chronic health conditions asthma, diabetes, and heart disease pregnant people, and children younger than 5 years old.”
This article is meant to be educational in nature and isn’t a substitute for actual medical or treatment advice from a licensed professional. Please consult your primary health care provider to determine which vaccinations and vaccine schedules are best for you.
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Early Vaccination Is Important To Prevent Diseases
Vaccines are the best defense against infections that may have serious complications such as pneumonia, meningitis, cancer, and even death. CDC recommends vaccinations before the age of two years to protect children against 14 infectious diseases: measles, mumps, rubella , varicella , hepatitis A, hepatitis B, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis , Haemophilus influenzae Type b , polio, influenza , rotavirus, and pneumococcal disease.
Children are given shots at a young age because this is when they are at highest risk of getting sick or dying if they get these diseases. Newborn babies are immune to some diseases because they have antibodies they get from their mothers, usually before they are born. However, this immunity lasts a few months. Most babies do not get protective antibodies against diphtheria, whooping cough, polio, tetanus, hepatitis B, or Hib from their mothers. This is why its important to vaccinate a child before she or he is exposed to a disease.
Vaccines contain weakened or killed versions of the germs that cause a disease. These elements of vaccines, and other molecules and micro-organisms that stimulate the immune system, are called antigens. Babies are exposed to thousands of germs and other antigens in the environment from the time they are born. When a baby is born, his or her immune system is ready to respond to the many antigens in the environment and the selected antigens in vaccines.