Friday, September 29, 2023

How Long Are Flu Symptoms Contagious

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How Long Am I Contagious After A Stomach Bug

How Long Are Cold, Flu Symptoms Contagious?

Any time you have had diarrhearegardless how oftenor if you vomited twice in the past 24 hours, then you need to stay home, advised Pittman. If you vomit two or more times in one day, then that likely means you did not throw up because of something you ate or because you got too hot outside.

The stomach flu or a stomach bug is often called viral gastroenteritis, and it is highly contagious. It spreads through contact with an infected persons stool or vomit.

Some viruses, such as norovirus, can live on surfaces for more than 24 hours, and it spreads very quickly, especially with children, said Pittman. If symptoms last more than 24 hours or if you or your children start to feel dehydrated, then call your primary care provider.

How Long Am I Contagious After Starting Antibiotics

If you are sick with a bacterial infection, then your health care provider may prescribe you antibiotics, said Pittman. The likelihood of spreading infection severely decreases 24 hours after you begin antibiotics. Some common bacterial infections are conjunctivitis or pink eye, strep throat and meningitis.

Viral infections like colds and upper respiratory infections usually need to run its course. Depending on your health care providers suggestions, you may take medications to temporarily ease symptoms but your provider will not suggest antibiotics.

Because it can be hard to tell which illness is viral and bacterial, Pittman suggests calling your health care provider for guidance if your symptoms do not start to improve after two to three days. The long length of symptoms can be a sign you have a bacterial infection, which will need antibiotics.

You should always seek a healthcare professional if you or your child has symptoms that are severe or unusual, such as shortness of breath or a high temperature, especially in children under six months of age, said Pittman.

How Long Am I Contagious

How long should I stay home after being sick? Often, this question comes with an internal back and forth about whether youor your childrenshould stay home or not. Whether a child or an adult, Alison Pittman, PhD, RN, CPN, CNE, clinical assistant professor at the Texas A& M College of Nursing, gives some basic guidelines on how to tell if you should stay home with a short-term, possibly contagious illness.

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Can I Get Tested For The Flu

Yes. A flu test can help you know whether you have the flu or if your symptoms are caused by another virus. You can get a test at a health clinic and at some pharmacies. There is also a combination flu and COVID-19 home test now available.

Most people with the flu do not need a flu test. Flu testing may be helpful if you are at risk for flu complications. It may also help your provider decide whether or not you need antiviral medications.

The Symptoms And Stages Of The Flu

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Exposure to the flu happens when you breathe in the virus from the air. This can occur when someone with the flu has coughed, sneezed, or breathed near you. Exposure may also happen if you touch your eyes, nose, or mouth after touching something with the virus on it. Heres what happens in your body after youre exposed.

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Person Diagnosed With Rare Case In Southwestern England Provokes Alarm

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A person in southwest England has been diagnosed as suffering from a very rare case of bird flu, the UK Health Security Agency has announced.

The individual concerned became infected after very close, regular contact with a large number of infected birds, which they kept in and around their home over a prolonged period of time, the UKHSA said.

All of their contacts have been traced and there is no evidence that others have become infected, according to officials, who said the person was currently well and self-isolating, the infected birds had been culled and that the World Health Organisation has been notified.

Bird to human transmission of bird flu – also known as avian flu – is rare and has only occurred a small number of times in the UK, with the risk described as low and the UKHSA insisting the present instance was simply one of routine monitoring but that the public were reminded not to touch dead birds.

The UKs chief veterinary officer, Christine Middlemiss, said: While avian influenza is highly contagious in birds, this is a very rare event and is very specific to the circumstances on this premises.

Who Should Take Tamiflu As Antiviral Medication

People who are at risk of complications with Flu are recommended to take Tamiflu. As their immune system is weak, this medication helps in recovering them fast by strengthening their immune system. People who are suffering from diabetes, chronic kidney disease, respiratory issues, asthma, or overweight issues can take this medicine.

Tamiflu is safe for pregnant women and infants as well.

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Does Tamiflu Shorten The Contagious Period

Other than these methods, some antiviral medications may shorten the flus contagious period. Tamiflu is a medication used to lessen the severity of symptoms, and shorten the overall duration of illness which in turn may decrease how long someone is contagious. .Studies show that Tamiflu shortens the average length of the flu by one day, but it is important to start treatment as soon as possible from the time of symptom onset ideally within 48 hours.

Tamiflu can also help prevent the flu if someones been exposed to a confirmed case of the flu. However, its important to remember that Tamiflu isnt a replacement for an annual influenza vaccine.

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Scientists Believe Part Of The Reason Omicron Covid Cases Have Risen So Quickly Is Because It May Be Quicker To Infect People Than Other Variants

How long is my flu contagious?

The Omicron variant is continuing to cause record Covid-19 case numbers in the UK.

More than 200,000 positive cases were recorded on 30 December for the first time since the start of the pandemic, and numbers have remained consistently high.

Rocketing case numbers are still forcing more and more people to self-isolate and driving up hospitalisations, putting strain on health services.

Scientists believe part of the reason Omicron cases have risen so quickly is because it may be quicker to infect people than older strains like Delta and Alpha.

Heres everything you need to know about how long it can take, and when people are most infectious.

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What Stops The Flu From Spreading

There are multiple ways to avoid getting and spreading the flu. Here are some of the best ways:

  • Washing your hands often: This will help protect you from any germs that could make their way into your eyes, nose, or mouth. If you cannot wash your hands with soapy water, then hand sanitizer is the next best thing.
  • Avoiding close contact with sick people: Trying your best to stay away from sick people will help keep you from catching the flu. If youre sick with the flu, limiting your contact with other people will keep you from spreading the flu.
  • Covering your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing: When youre sick with the flu and cough or sneeze, tiny droplets containing the flu virus can travel through the air and infect other people. Covering your mouth and nose is a great way to help stop this.
  • Wearing a face mask: The protection you get from face masks isnt exclusive to coronavirus. A face mask can protect you from the common cold and flu too.
  • Staying up to date on vaccinations: Getting a flu shot is one of the best ways to prevent the flu. Flu vaccines have been proven to reduce the risk of flu illnesses, hospitalizations, and flu-related deaths.

What If A Cold Or The Flu Wont Go Away

When complications develop, a person will likely be sick for longer than a week or two, depending on the severity of the complication, how quickly a person receives treatment for it, and how well the patient responds to treatment.

Signs of severe complications that should prompt you to seek medical attention include the following, according to the CDC :

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How Can I Avoid The Cold Or Flu Virus

There are many easy ways you can help prevent becoming infected with a cold or flu virus:7

  • Be sure to get your annual flu vaccination .
  • Wash your hands often and for at least 20 seconds with soap and water or hand sanitizer if soap isnt available.
  • Stay away from anyone who is sick. Youre more likely to contract a virus after close contact with a sick person.
  • Disinfect hard surfaces that get a lot of people traffic. This includes door handles, light switches, shopping cart handles and gym equipment.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth before washing or disinfecting your hands.
  • Look after yourself. Getting a good amount of sleep, exercising regularly, and eating a balanced and nutritious diet will help to keep you healthy and reduce your risk of catching a cold or flu.

Wash your hands often and for at least 20 seconds with soap and water or hand sanitizer if soap isnt available.

How Long Does The Flu Last

Cold, Allergies or Flu? What

For most healthy people, the flu is an uncomfortable but short-term illness that resolves itself as the immune system fights it off. Symptoms usually appear from one to four days after exposure to the virus, and they last five to seven days. For people who’ve had a flu shot, the symptoms may last a shorter amount of time, or be less severe. For other people, the symptoms may last longer. Even when symptoms resolve, you may continue to feel fatigued.

Some people are at increased risk for complications from influenza. These people include:

  • the very young

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What Are The Stages Of The Flu

Flu symptoms usually start within one to four days after infection. Unlike a common cold, the effects of an influenza virus infection can come on very suddenly.

The first signs of the flu are often a fever or chills, accompanied by headache, sore throat, dry cough, runny nose, muscle aches, and fatigue.

As the illness progresses, a person may have warm, flushed skin, watery or bloodshot eyes, a severe cough that produces phlegm, and nasal congestion. Nausea and vomiting may also occur, especially among children, according to the Merck Manual.

A bout of the flu typically lasts for several days or occasionally weeks, with severe symptoms subsiding in two to three days. However, weakness, fatigue, dry cough, and a reduced ability to exercise can linger for six to eight weeks.

What Causes The Flu In A Child

The flu is caused by flu viruses. Flu viruses are divided into 3 types:

  • Influenza types A and B. These 2 types of viruses cause widespread illness almost every winter. They often lead to more people needing to go to the hospital, and more people dying from the flu. Public health officials focus on stopping the spread of types A and B. One of the reasons the flu remains a problem is because the viruses change often. This means that people are exposed to new types of the viruses each year.

  • Influenza type C. This type of virus causes a very mild respiratory illness or no symptoms at all. It does not cause epidemics. It does not have the severe public health impact that influenza types A and B do.

A flu virus is often passed from child to child through sneezing or coughing. The virus can also live for a short time on surfaces. This includes doorknobs, toys, pens or pencils, keyboards, phones and tablets, and countertops. It can also be passed through shared eating utensils and drinking. Your child can get a flu virus by touching something that was touched by an infected with person, and then touching his or her mouth, nose, or eyes.

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Why Is A Person With Flu Contagious For So Long

The virus first binds to a target cell, and the covering of the surface envelopes follows that with HA proteins. It is advised to stay away from a person suffering from Influenza. Governments do run annual vaccination drives so that everyone can be immune to the virus. One of the biggest reasons for the flu staying for that long is that it attacks the human body cells and is a disease that affects the bodys internal part and not the external one. Also, the viruss mutation rate is very high, and it can multiply itself at a very rapid pace.

It is always advised to seek a medical expert when a person starts showing the viruss symptoms. The person stays contagious for that long because the virus affects the working of the immune system. The body cells cannot fight the virus, and it takes a bit of time for the body cells to develop resistance against the virus. WHO reviews the global effects of the virus annually and detects whether a new strain of virus is found or not.

There are three types of vaccines available to fight the virus: split virus vaccines, subunit vaccines, and whole virus vaccines. All three vaccines have different processes to immune an individual from the virus, but they are very effective. However, every individuals moral duty is to use sanitizers and masks to keep everyone safe.

What Exactly Is A Cold

How long are individuals contagious with a cold or flu?

A cold is a virus that infects the upper respiratory tract . More than 200 different viruses can cause a cold, but the rhinovirus is the most common culprit.

Colds are spread when you breathe in a virus that has been coughed or sneezed into the air by an infected person or have close personal contact with an infected person. They can also be spread by shaking hands with an infected person or touching an infected surface and then putting that hand to your eyes, nose, or mouth.

Colds are more common in the fall and winter, but you can get them any time of year. Each year, adults have an average of 2 to 3 colds, and children have even more.

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What Are The Common Cold Stages And Symptoms

Colds and cold symptoms tend to follow a certain progression, which is outlined below. This is the typical pattern, but its possible that youll experience the timing and stages slightly differently.

  • Incubation: After youre exposed to a cold virus, it typically takes 1 to 3 days for you to develop symptoms. However, its possible to develop symptoms as soon as 10 to 12 hours after exposure.

  • Symptoms peak: Cold symptoms peak at 1 to 3 days. The main symptoms include sore throat, stuffy nose, runny nose, cough, discomfort, sneezing, fever , headaches, clear, watery discharge from your nose , and body aches.

  • Symptoms level off and fade: Cold symptoms usually last anywhere from 3 to 10 days. After 2 or 3 days of symptoms, the mucus discharged from your nose may change to a white, yellow, or green color. This is normal and does not mean you need an antibiotic.

  • 10 days and beyond: Lingering symptoms can last up to 2 weeks in some people, especially runny nose, stuffy nose, and coughing. However, you should be on the mend at this point, and the symptoms probably wont be as bad.

  • Can We Use Tamiflu For The Prevention Of Flu Besides Flu Treatment

    Yes, Tamiflu can be used for both treatment and prevention of Flu. If a person is suffering from Flu, Tamiflu can be given as a treatment to reduce the symptoms of Flu and to accelerate the recovery. It has shown a reduction in the time taken for improvement by the people who are suffering from the Flu.

    Tamiflu can be used for prevention purposes where it protects the person against the Flu. The person can be exposed to the flu virus when it comes in contact with another person who is suffering from the Flu.

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    When Is The Stomach Flu Contagious

    Stomach flu or more accurately gastroenteritis causes symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, fever, weakness, and more. It is contagious at least as long as symptoms are present and can be spread to others even longer in some situations.

    When we have the unfortunate symptoms that come with the “stomach flu” vomiting, diarrhea, fever, weakness, nausea, etc. we just want them to go away. Many times I have heard people say “I wouldn’t wish this on my worst enemy” yet it is often so contagious that we end up spreading it to everyone in the household.

    No one likes getting sick and the “stomach flu” is one of the worst. But do you know why this illness is so contagious? Do you know how and when it is spread? Chances are good you could be spreading it without even realizing it.

    How Is The Flu Treated

    How Long Is the Flu Contagious?

    Most kids with flu get better at home. Make sure your child:

    • drinks lots of liquids to prevent dehydration
    • gets plenty of sleep and takes it easy
    • takes acetaminophen or ibuprofen to relieve fever and aches. Don’t give kids or teens aspirin because of its link to Reye syndrome.
    • wears layers that are easy to remove. Kids might feel cold one minute and hot the next.

    Children with the flu should stay home from school and childcare until they feel better. They should go back only when they haven’t had a fever for at least 24 hours without using a fever-reducing medicine. Some kids need to stay home longer. Ask the doctor what’s best for your child.

    Doctors may prescribe antiviral medicine for a very ill child or kids are at risk for more serious symptoms. The medicine can shorten the flu by 12 days. It works best if children start taking it within 48 hours of the start of the flu. If a doctor prescribes antiviral medicine for your child, ask about any possible side effects. Doctors won’t prescribe antibiotics for the flu. Antibiotics work only against bacteria, not viruses.

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