Friday, September 22, 2023

Neck Pain After Flu Vaccine

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Symptoms And Treatment Of Sirva

Neck Mass: Swollen Lymph Node

While dull muscle ache pain after a vaccine injection is common, it usually disappears on its own within days. With SIRVA, an individual will usually start feeling pain within 48 hours of the vaccination, and the pain doesn’t improve over time.

“In patients who experience SIRVA, months may pass by, and patients will still complain of increasing pain, weakness, and impaired mobility in the injected arm.

Simple actions like lifting your arm to brush your teeth can cause pain,” said Kelly Grindrod, PharmD, a professor in the School of Pharmacy at Waterloo and one of the authors of the 2018 study.

According to the 2022 review in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, the most common symptoms of SIRVA are shoulder pain and reduced range of motion. And the most common diagnoses tend to be shoulder bursitis, adhesive capsulitis , and rotator cuff tears.

People experiencing these symptoms should talk to their healthcare provider. “It’s important that we learn to recognize these signs of SIRVA so that we can access appropriate treatment,” added Grindrod.

To diagnose SIRVA, an ultrasound scan or MRI is needed, which can also determine the level and type of damage, per a 2022 study in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. Common treatments for SIRVA include lifestyle and work modifications, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , and physical therapy.

How Long Does The Flu Shot Protect You From The Flu

A flu shot should help to protect you for the duration of the current flu season. However, youll need to get another flu shot next fall.

You may be wondering why you need to get a flu shot every year. There are a couple of reasons for this. One is related to the virus itself while another has to do with your level of immunity.

Influenza viruses are continually evolving throughout the year. Because of this, last years vaccine may not be a good match for the viruses that are prevalent this flu season.

The flu vaccine protects against the strains of influenza that research predicts will be the most prevalent in the upcoming flu season.

Your vaccine will typically include four strains , but may sometimes include three .

Additionally, a 2019 research review showed that the immunity provided by the flu shot decreases quickly over time.

This is why you likely wont have enough immunity from this years shot to protect you into the next flu season.

Why Is Your Arm Sore

The flu shot introduces influenza virus components into your body. This can be in the form of an inactivated virus or single viral proteins.

The goal is for your immune system to make antibodies to fight off these viral components. These antibodies can then protect you against an actual influenza infection.

While the flu shot cannot cause you to become sick with the flu, your immune system still recognizes whats been injected into you as foreign.

As a result, it produces an immune response, which leads to the soreness or swelling that occurs near the injection site.

Recommended Reading: How Long Does Flu Season Last

Is It Normal For My Shoulder To Hurt After A Covid

The most common side effects from vaccination, including the COVID-19 vaccines and boosters, are mild.

Its very common to experience some temporary soreness where you receive an injection. But an estimated 1 to 2 million people who are vaccinated each year with just the flu shot experience severe shoulder pain and limited range of motion. That number is larger when factoring in all the various vaccinations beyond just the flu vaccine. The number is also expected to as vaccination numbers increase worldwide.

Such severe reactions to vaccines are very rare, but they do occur.

One condition that may result is known as shoulder injury related to vaccine administration . This can occur within 48 hours of vaccination.

Symptoms may include:

  • weakness or altered sensation in the arm
  • shoulder stiffness

SIRVA can result in chronic or sometimes permanent injury to the arm and shoulder. Some studies have found that the symptoms of SIRVA may last at least 6 months.

Most cases of SIRVA appear to be caused by poor needle placement by the person administering the vaccine or a localized reaction to the vaccine serum.

The Immunization Action Coalition provides information on vaccine administration based on the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices guidance:

For most people, getting a vaccine is a simple procedure that causes few if any side effects. Some people may experience the following effects after receiving a vaccine:

SIRVA symptoms usually arise within 48 hours of vaccination.

Why Is The Shot Given In Your Arm

Flu Vaccine, Is It Necessary?

Muscle tissue, like that found in your arm, has a high concentration of blood vessels. This allows the cells of your immune system to effectively access and process the contents of the vaccine.

Additionally, a

  • Use cold therapy. Using an ice pack or a cool compress at the injection site can also reduce pain and swelling.
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    Signs Of A More Serious Reaction

    “A very small percentage of people can have a true allergic reaction to the vaccine, including chest tightness, difficulty breathing, wheezing, facial or throat swelling and redness of the eyes,” Teague says. If you experience these symptoms, you should seek medical attention immediately. Teague says severe allergic reactions usually happen within a few hours of getting the flu shot.

    Signs of a severe allergic reaction, according to the CDC, can include:

    • Difficulty breathing
    • Swelling around the eyes or lips
    • Hives
    • Weakness
    • A fast heartbeat or dizziness

    Another possible reaction is an infection where the shot was administered. “Patients can also develop an infection at the injection site, which is manifested as worsening redness, swelling, warmth and tenderness,” Teague says. You should also seek immediate medical attention for this type of reaction.

    The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.

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    Q: Is The Flu Vaccine Safe For Pregnant Women

    A: As a general guide, any females that are pregnant, planning to be pregnant or breastfeeding, should discuss with their Doctor as to whether they obtain the flu vaccine during their first trimester. The Australian Immunisation Handbook, published by the National Health and Medical Research Council, recommends vaccination for pregnant women who will be in the their second and or third trimester during the flu season due to evidence from a number of studies that suggest an increased risk of developing flu-associated complications. Please advise our practitioners at the time of vaccinating if you are pregnant.

    Recommended Reading: What Cold And Flu Medicine Is Safe During Pregnancy

    What Serious Side Effects Mean I Should Call My Doctor

    The flu vaccine will not give you the flu. However, some people do experience side effects. While redness, swelling, muscle aches and sometimes low-grade fevers are typical side effects after receiving an influenza vaccination, there can be some rare and serious side effects including difficulty breathing and swelling around the eyes or lips. If you are experiencing dizziness, a racing heart or a high fever seek medical attention right away.

    “If you develop full body hives, you are having an allergic reaction to the vaccine,” says Dr. Mora. The most common allergic reaction is found in people allergic to eggs. This is because egg proteins are one of the products in the flu vaccine. However, if you have an egg allergy, you can still get the flu shot. Talk to your doctor about the best way to get vaccinated.

    The Vaccine Cant Give You Flu

    Some experience swollen lymph nodes after vaccine

    You cant get the flu from the flu jab. The flu vaccine doesnt contain any live viruses so it cant give you flu.

    It takes up to twoweeks for the body to develop protection against flu.If youve been infected with the flu before or soon after having the vaccine, you can still get the flu. If these symptoms continue or get worse, talk to your healthcare provider or callHealthline on

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    Why Does The Flu Vaccine Cause A Sore Arm

    There are actually a few different things that can lead to you having a little arm soreness after your flu shot, infectious disease expert Amesh A. Adalja, MD, senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, told Health.

    For starters, the flu shot is an intramuscular vaccine, which means that it’s injected directly into a muscle in your arm. “You just had puncture in your skin and muscle,” Dr. Adalja said. “That’s going to hurt and there will be some inflammation that occurs post-trauma to that muscle and skin.”

    At the same time, there’s a localized immune response happening in your arm where the vaccine was injected, William Schaffner, MD, an infectious disease specialist and professor at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, told Health. This means your immune system jumps into action to react to the vaccine where it was injectedyour arm. “Your immune system is really starting to take advantage of that vaccine and working on it,” Dr. Schaffner said as a result, you’ll experience arm soreness.

    In 2020 The Flu Shot Was *a Bit* Better

    The influenza vaccine is estimated to have been 39 percent effective during the 2019 to 2020 season, according to the CDC. To put that into a broader context, the flu shot generally provides about a 65 percent protection rate against contracting the flu, Dr. Adalja says.

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    So while even that 39 percent figure might sound low to you, it’s actually a decent number, and it does not mean you should skip your yearly shot . Flu season typically starts in October, peaks in December, and can stick around until May, so you want to be covered for all of it.

    Just because the vaccine isnt 100 percent doesnt mean its worthless, says Dr. Adalja. And even if you do get the flu, you are much less likely to have a severe case requiring hospitalization, less likely to have major destruction to your life, and less likely to spread it.

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    Q: What Are The Symptoms Of The Flu

    A: The typical symptoms a person with the flu may experience include a sudden onset of fever, cough, sore throat, fatigue, muscle aches, headaches, runny nose and watery eyes. Children may experience vomiting and diarrhoea in addition to these symptoms, however, these symptoms are uncommon in adults.

    Although the fever and body aches usually last for 3 5 days, a cough and fatigue may persist for two weeks or more and, in cases of serious infections, complications such as pneumonia and inflammation of the heart and/or lungs can occur resulting in a much longer illness.

    When To Get The Influenza Vaccine

    The FDA Just Warned About These 13 COVID Vaccine Side Effects

    Yearly vaccination before the onset of each flu season is recommended. In most parts of Australia, flu season occurs from June to September, with the flu vaccine typically available from April.

    Recent evidence suggests optimal protection against the flu occurs within the first 3-4 months following vaccination. It is important to note that, while the influenza virus continues to circulate, it is never too late to vaccinate.

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    Flu Vaccine Injury Treatment

    Many of the most severe symptoms of paralysis after a flu shot require complex medical care and hospitalization. Without medical intervention, victims can suffer long-term health consequences, and these complications can easily prove fatal. Minor symptoms, such as a light numbness or tingling may pass on their own, however, if the condition spreads or persists, medical help should be sought immediately.

    During an initial visit, your doctor will collect your medical history and conduct a physical exam to ensure theres not a physiological cause for the numbness, such as a pinched nerve. Further tests may be required to diagnose certain conditions, like Guillain-Barre. This can include spinal taps to check the condition of your spinal fluid and electrode tests on affected muscle groups. These give a fuller picture of your nerve activity.

    Treatments can vary depending on the diagnosis. Milder cases might simply require observation and rest. For more severe paralysis after a flu shot, plasma exchange, where your bodys plasma is replaced, immunoglobulin therapy which introduces healthy donor antibodies to your system, or full hospitalization may be required. The most affected patients may need ventilator support to continue breathing, aggressive therapy to aid their hearts function, and manual manipulation of their muscle groups by medical professionals to stave off atrophy, avoid clots, and keep the skin healthier.

    I Just Got The Flu Shot Why Does My Arm Hurt

    Influenza, or the flu, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by a viral infection of the nose, throat, and lungs. The virus travels from person to person through infectious droplets expelled from the nose or mouth, but chances of contracting the virus decrease between 40-60% with the administration of a flu shot. Some individuals suffer pain following vaccination, but there are ways to lower the likelihood of experiencing flu shot pain.

    Many people experience pain after receiving the vaccination. Flu shot pain is the sensory response to the immune systems process of producing antibodies and developing immunity, which is what prevents a vaccinated individual from contracting the disease.

    With general fear of muscle pain and as much as 10% of the US population suffering from a fear of needles, many people shy away vaccination each year. Pain, however, is minimal and should not last more than a few days. Although it might seem unavoidable, there are some ways to reduce the risk of shoulder pain and muscle soreness following vaccination.

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    Symptoms Of Shoulder Tendonitis From The Flu Shot

    The most common symptoms associated with vaccine-induced tendonitis include: an inability to hold your arm in certain positions pain, stiffness or tenderness at the shoulder and loss of strength or motion in the affected arm. Symptoms can range from mild to severe, depending on the extent of the inflammation. Other complications include interrupted sleep due to pain, limited mobility, severe pain as well as difficulty getting dressed and/or reaching for items overhead.

    Recently, My Vaccine Lawyer’s founding partner Paul Brazil was interviewed by Jodie Fleischer of NBC4 Washington about SIRVA injuries such shoulder tendonitis, deltoid bursitis, subacromial bursitis and adhesive capsulitis, along with the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program, a federal compensation program for vaccine-related injuries and allergic reactions in the United States. Paul and Jodie also discuss the frequency of vaccine injuries and the lack of public knowledge about the Vaccine Injury Table.

    Redness Or Swelling At The Injection Site

    Doctor explains persistent enlarged lymph nodes months after COVD-19 vaccinations

    Anytime you pierce the skin and put something into the body it can cause a topical reaction, says Dr. Adalja. This is just a sign that your immune system is activating.

    But this redness and swelling where you get your shot is a common side effect that only typically lasts a few days. Itll go away on its own, but if its really bugging you, you can take ibuprofen or acetominophen .

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    Small But Real Risk For Shoulder Pain After Flu Vaccination

    Experience, injection technique may be tied to bursitis side effect

    There was an increased risk for subdeltoid bursitis after receipt of the u vaccine, although the absolute risk for bursitis was still low, CDC researchers reported.

    In a retrospective cohort study, about 3 million people who received an inactivated inuenza vaccine during the 2016 to 2017 inuenza season, and among those, there were 16 cases of subdeltoid bursitis symptom-onset in the risk interval and 51 cases of symptom onset in the control interval , according to Elisabeth M. Hesse, MD, MTM& H, of the CDC in Atlanta, and co-authors.

    The incidence rate ratio was 3.24 while the attributable risk was 7.78 additional cases of bursitis per 1 million persons vaccinated, they reported in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

    Such a modest risk must be weighed against the benets of vaccination to prevent inuenza infection and its complications. Inuenza infection causes an estimated 9 to 45 million illnesses in the United States annually, with 12,000 to 61,000 deaths, the authors said.

    They put forward some possible mechanisms of action for this injury, such as needle placement or needle length . Another issue may be the experience and/or educational level of the injection administrator.

    The Fryhofers suggested that all medical professional could benefit from an injection technique tune up, as outlined in the CDCs General Best Practice Guidelines for Immunization.

    The study was funded by the CDC.

    Cat ID: 125

    What Can I Do About My Symptoms

    To start, get a medical evaluation from your primary care provider. Your provider may include diagnostic imaging tests as part of the evaluation. Discuss a treatment plan based on the findings.

    Treatment options and duration of symptoms can vary, but the most common treatments include:

    • Physical Therapy to improve range of motion, restore muscle function, and relieve inflammation
    • Anti-inflammatory medications to reduce inflammation and relieve pain
    • Corticosteroid injections to reduce inflammation and relieve pain
    • At-home stretching programs to increase range of motion and,
    • Surgery in severe cases, surgery may be required to repair damage.

    Improvement in symptoms and recovery times are variable. Some people experience improvement early in treatment, while others may suffer with symptoms for much longer. Unfortunately, some people never fully recover.

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