Sunday, October 1, 2023

Over The Counter Meds For Cold And Flu

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When To See A Doctor

OTC Medication for Cold and Flu (Cold and Flu #2)

The common cold is not a fatal illness, and it should pass within 10 days.

However, if you experiencing one or more of the following symptoms, make an appointment to see a doctor:

  • Fever that lasts longer than two days
  • Symptoms that become extreme or severe
  • Symptoms lasting longer than 14 days
  • Blood-streaked mucus

Dont Give Cough And Cold Medications To Infants Or Young Children

Although over-the-counter medication for colds and flu are popular, that doesnt mean they work, especially for children. In January 2008, the Food and Drug Administration advised parents that OTC cough and cold medications should not be given to children under the age of two because of the potential risks. Following this announcement, manufacturers of these products changed their warning labels to say they should not be given to children under age four.

Both decisions were the result of criticisms by influential doctors and medical associations, protesting the marketing and widespread use of OTC pediatric cough and cold medications for young children under the age of six. However, when experts had previously been asked by the FDA to provide advice about these medications, the experts had concluded that there was no good evidence that these medications work for children under the age of 12.

We agree with the doctors and medical associations that asked that the FDA require studies of the effects and safety of these medications in young children a public education campaign to inform parents of the lack of evidence for use of OTC cough and cold medications in young children and labeling to make it clear to consumers that these products have not been found safe or effective in young children.

Alternative Cold Medicines And Remedies

In addition to common over-the-counter medications, some alternative remedies can help treat symptoms of common illnesses , such as:

  • Congestion: A steamy shower or bath, saline-only nasal spray, and plenty of warm fluids can help ease congestion.
  • Cough: Warm water with lemon and honey can ease the nursing parent’s cough. Honey is not recommended for children younger than 12 months of age, but if the nursing parent has honey in warm water or tea, it’s considered safe.
  • Sore throat: Gargling with warm salt water is a safe way to ease a sore throat. Eating cold ice pops may also offer some relief for throat pain, as would warm soup.

You can always talk to your healthcare provider about other options for symptom relief.

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Find The Right Treatment

Over-the-counter cold and flu medication should be taken as directed and be sure to get the medicine that specifically treats your symptoms. You have your choice of forms of OTC cold and flu medicine. Traditional caplets and tablets may be easy for you to take, or you may consider alternative forms such as dissolving tablets and powders you can add to hot water and drink. There are also cough syrups for cold and flu relief.

What Should I Do If My Child Has A Cold

The Best Over

Offer plenty of fluids and encourage your child to rest. Colds are caused by viruses that cannot be cured with drugs. They simply need to run their course, so there is little your doctor can offer. However, more serious problems can start out as a cold. Contact your doctor if your child shows any of the following signs:

  • earache
  • fever lasting more than 72 hours, or, any fever in a child less than 6 months of age
  • excessive sleepiness, crankiness or fussiness
  • trouble breathing
  • coughing that lasts more than a week or is causing choking or vomiting

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Ethics Approval And Consent To Participate

The study was performed in accordance with Article 2 of The Directive 2001/20/EC of the European Parliament and the Council, specifying the terms of a non-investigational trial as a research, where the medical products are used, recommended or dispensed by certified personnel and the results are collected in observational manner and then analyzed by epidemiological methods. Therefore, bioethical committee approval of Medical University of Lodz was not required for the study. This study was conducted based on a self-developed questionnaire, filled by the pharmacist after a pharmacy counselling resulting in dispensing an OTC medication utilized in common cold treatment. In case of survey research, it includes minimal risk and the research involves no procedures for which written consent is required, completion of the questionnaire will be accepted as evidence of consent to participate. Therefore, this study meets the requirements for waivers of signed informed consent. All the methods were performed in accordance with ethical and scientific requirements necessary for designing, conducting and collecting and analyzing of the research data.

How To Get Rid Of A Cough

Dealing with cold or cough symptoms is never fun. We know you want information and relief. While no medication will cure a cough or a cold, over the counter remedies may help control your symptoms so that you can feel more comfortable.Having a cold is the worst, however, many new cold medicines have a sorbitol additive, which flavors the medication you may need to make the taste not so bad. But which to choose? Dont worry, CVS is here to help! Check out our answers to some of your most frequently asked questions below, but please keep in mind that nothing you read online can replace the advice of your doctor. If your symptoms are severe, prolonged, or getting in the way of your life, make an appointment with your healthcare provider. Another alternative you can resort to is to incorporate bee pollen into your diet – icluding honey to help soothe your throat.

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What Medicines Should I Take To Prevent A Cold

Below, find some over-the-counter products to take especially if you want to say nuh-uh to that bug. But be sure to speak with your doctor to address any health concerns.

Make sure you get seven to eight hours of quality sleep, minimize alcohol and sugary and processed foods, as that can weaken your immune system, Gandhi added. Make sure youre getting good exercise and keeping stress down stress weakens your immune system and can get you sick.

Will I Be Able To Show My Quebec Vaccine Passport

Can Over The Counter cold medications be used to treat the flu?

Ontario is working on a QR code system like Quebec’s, but the Ontario government has not confirmed whether the province will recognize Quebec’s QR codes.

For now, Ontario says that “patrons who are visitors to Ontario will be required to show proof of being fully vaccinated against COVID-19 and proof of identification to enter the businesses organizations.”

Health Canada has a robust website with all the latest information on COVID-19 vaccines and can answer any questions you may have.

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What’s The Deal With Cough Medicine

An occasional cough clears the gunk from your lungs. But one that goes on and on needs treatment.

On the shelf you’ll find tons of cough medicines with a zillion combinations of decongestants, antihistamines, analgesics/antipyretics, cough suppressants, and expectorants. Ask your pharmacist which, if any, would be right for you.

What Do They Treat

Cold and flu for over the counter use are used in the management of cold and flu symptoms such as congestion, runny nose, cough etc.

Prescription or over the counter?

Most cold and flu medications can be purchased over the counter, that means without a prescription. Some of the frequently used over the counter medication include.

  • Dry mouth, nose and or throat


The use of any cold and flu medication is contraindicated in any patient who is hypersensitive to any of the active ingredients or any ingredients used in the formulation.

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Weigh The Pros And Cons Of Medication

All medication has pros and cons. When debating between Brillia Health cold and flu medicine over the counter or a prescription option, make sure you understand what the differences and similarities are. Your symptoms may only require an OTC option, or even a natural remedy, or they may be more severe and require a medication order from a healthcare provider.

Do Cough And Cold Medications Work

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Cold medications do not cure or shorten your cold or flu, but they can ease some symptoms. Some are better than others. For example, Sudafed can be effective for congestion and sneezing, but numerous studies have shown that Sudafed PE is completely ineffective. The reason why Sudafed PE was created despite its clear inferiority to Sudafed was because Sudafed sales slumped when store customers were required to sign for it, since Sudafeds active ingredient is also used to make an illegal drug, meth.

In general, most over-the-counter cough syrups are not effective for adults or children, according to a study published in the medical journal Chest, and that goes for adults as well. The American College of Chest Physicians emphasize that OTC medicines meant to bring up mucus or cough syrups and cough drops do not treat the underlying causes of a cough. In addition, combination cold medications that treat many different symptoms are rarely a good choice it makes more sense to choose a medication that only treats the symptoms that are bothering you.

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How To Treat A Cold

Symptoms of a head cold include nasal and sinus congestion, sneezing, coughing, runny nose, headache, and minor pains. These can be uncomfortable and get in the way of your day. Since most people will recover on their own, medicine for a cold usually consists of over the counter remedies to help you cope with the discomfort. CVS offers a wide selection of the best cold and cough medicine to temporarily relieve your symptoms. Cough medicine is formulated with ingredients that act as a cough suppressant. These are usually available in a non-drowsy formula for daytime use, and in a drowsy formula to help control your symptoms at night. You may also wish to take an expectorant, which loosens mucus and makes it easier to cough up. For a severe cough, we recommend selecting a product specially formulated for intense symptoms, such as Mucinex. If your throat is sore from coughing, a soothing tea may bring relief. CVS carries a selection of the best cough remedies, so you can choose what works best for you.

Manukora Multifloral Raw Manuka Honey $1499

Not everyone does well with guaifenesin, which is a good cough medicine because it can raise your blood pressure, she said. Ill recommend manuka honey or buckwheat honey. Studies have shown it helps with your cough, especially if you take it at nighttime.

Gandhi explained that the only precaution with buckwheat or manuka honey is if youre pre-diabetic or diabetic just watch your blood sugar levels.

Ill usually recommend using a nasal saline spray when you already have a cold, she said. Its good to help rinse out pathogens from your nasal pathway to help improve breathing.

Plus, it can be used with other over-the-counter or prescribed medications, per Gandhi.

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Benefits Of Breastfeeding For Immune Health

Breastfeeding has a number of benefits for the baby and the nursing parent. Your body produces antibodies that are passed to your baby, which then protect them from your cold or viral infection.

If you are too sick or weak to breastfeed, you might try pumping milk to keep up your supply.

Supplementing with baby formula is also an option, and it’s absolutely safe. If you are unable to breastfeed, your baby can receive the nutrients they need from formula.

Articles On Flu Treatment

3 Ways to Safely Use Over-the-Counter Meds During Cold & Flu Season

Most cold and flu drugs attack symptoms, not the specific viruses that cause the illnesses. They aren’t a cure, but they can make you feel better or shorten your illness.

There’s no one right way to treat a cold or the flu. But here are some questions you can ask your pharmacist to get the correct over-the-counter medication for you.

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The Risks Of Medication Can Outweigh The Benefits

The new concerns about OTC medication for children are just the latest warning that popular over-the-counter medications can be dangerous. In 2001, the FDA ordered that all medications containing phenylpropanolamine be removed from the shelves because of evidence that taking PPA increases the risk of stroke. FDAs decision was made after a study at Yale Medical School showed an association between PPA use and stroke in women using the medicine to lose weight. Men may also be at risk.

Although medicines containing PPA should no longer be available at the store, it is possible that you may have medicines containing PPA in your medicine cabinet. To be safe, those medicines should be discarded. They include:

  • Acutrim Diet Gum Appetite Suppressant Plus Dietary Supplements
  • Acutrim Maximum Strength Appetite Control
  • BC Allergy Sinus Cold Powder
  • BC Sinus Cold Powder
  • Dimetapp Cold & Allergy Chewable Tablets
  • Dimetapp Cold & Cough Liqui-Gels
  • Tavist-D 12 Hour Relief of Sinus & Nasal Congestion
  • Triaminic DM Cough Relief
  • Triaminic Expectorant Chest & Head Congestion
  • Triaminic Syrup Cold & Allergy
  • Triaminic Triaminicol Cold & Cough

Some of the medications that used to contain PPA are sold under the same name today, but no longer contain PPA. If you have old versions of any of the following medicines, check to see if they contain PPA. If they do, throw them out.

Comparison With Existing Literature On Best Practice

Analysis of clinical trial results indicate that nasal saline irrigation shows possible but unclear benefits in relieving symptoms of acute upper respiratory tract infection, but due to limited number of evidence of its effectiveness further large scale randomized clinical trials are needed . Current evidence suggest that using garlic, zinc and vitamin C possess rather preventive than curative effect against common cold . A variety of tested products, statistical heterogeneity of the results between different trials and questionable clinical relevance did not allow to support recommending echinacea , Chinese medical herbal products or Pelargonium sidoides extract for common cold treatment. The results of our study indicate that despite unclear clinical relevance of herbal or homeopathic products, they were recommended by the pharmacists in 1 out of 10 cases.

Most clinical practice guidelines of common cold treatment are country and organization specific. The most popular are the United States Center For Disease Control guidelines, which recommend treating this disease with a combination of the following medications: 1) pain relievers 2) nasal decongestants 3) cough suppressants 4) anti-histamines 5) expectorants . van Driel found similar results in their clinical review . Thus, the treatment is mostly based on symptoms presented by the patient, and curative treatment is not possible .

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Additional Safety Measures To Consider Taking

The best safety measures we know at the moment are to get fully vaccinated, and then if eligible, get your booster. Eat a healthy diet, stay physically active, and get good quality sleep, Dr. Li says. These all contribute to building healthy immune defenses. Beyond this, the last mile for safetyand the easiest one to takeis to wear a N95 or KN95 mask to reduce your chances of inhaling virus particles from people around you, even people who have a negative antigen test.

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Flu Medicine For Children

Booklet: Medicine For Flu And Cold In India

Children can take some types of flu medicine, but other types may be unsafe. Children can take prescription flu medicines based on their age, as listed above for each of the four FDA-approved antiviral medications approved.

The OTC flu medicines that children can use also depend on the childs age and the medication. Always follow the directions on the OTC medication package and talk to a healthcare provider or pharmacist if youre unsure.

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Types Of Cold Medicine

Every person and every cold is different.

When symptoms are mild, you may be able to tough it out.

But when you cant stop coughing, cant sleep due to discomfort, or simply want relief, you may want to consider cold medicine.

Keep in mind, these medications do not make a cold go away faster.

They only treat the symptoms and do not treat the underlying illness.

How Does Cough Medicine Work

Cough medicines work differently depending on the type of cough medicine you are taking and the active ingredients that it contains. Most cough suppressant medications contain antitussive ingredients such as dextromethorphan. Cough suppressants like dextromethorphan work by temporarily reducing your urge to cough, so that you can feel more comfortable. Over the counter cough expectorants generally contain the active ingredient guaifenesin, which is designed to help thin out and loosen mucus in your airways so that it is easier to cough up. By clearing congestion, cough expectorants may make it feel easier to breathe.

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Do The Current Antiviral Drugs Still Work On Omicron

The existing arsenal of medicines against COVID-19 are being researched for their effect against the latest variant omicron, says Dr. Li.The antiviral drug remdesivir appears to still be effective against omicron.

Related: If Youre Fully Vaccinated and Boosted, Heres What You Can Expect Omicron Symptoms to Look Like

Changes To Cough And Cold Medications

Caution urged when giving kids cold and flu meds

In the United States , all OTC cold products that are not sold behind the pharmacy counter have recently been reformulated with phenylephrine. Products that are sold from behind the pharmacy counter still contain pseudoephedrine.

To buy these, the person will need to present a valid ID, and their recent purchase history will be reviewed online through MethCheck, a database. The amount of each product that a person can buy within a certain time is restricted, because of the risk of abuse of these medications.

Examples of medications sold from behind the counter are Aleve Cold and Sinus, Motrin Cold and Sinus, Sudafed, and Sudafed 12 hour.

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